LGFA confirm full list of 13 ‘double-header’ fixtures in 2019 Lidl National Football League

first_imgThe LGFA has managed to secure seven double-headers in Division 1 of the Lidl NFL, one in Division 2, four in Division 3, and one in Division 4.Lidl NFL Division 1 holders and TG4 All-Ireland Senior Champions Dublin will play two fixtures in front of the eir sport cameras at Croke Park, while Cork have two games alongside their male counterparts at Páirc Uí Chaoimh, including an historic first-ever appearance at the Leeside venue against Tipperary on Saturday, February 23.A double-header for the Mayo Ladies Footballers has also been pencilled in for March 2 at Elvery’s MacHale Park in Castlebar against Connacht rivals Galway, with the men’s fixture between the two counties to follow later in the evening.In addition, Tipperary have a home clash with Monaghan in Division 1 at Semple Stadium in Thurles on the same day.In Division 2, while Tyrone will play Armagh at Healy Park, Omagh, on March 2.In Division 3, Meath have secured two home double-headers at Páirc Tailteann in Navan, Wicklow and Roscommon have also confirmed double-header fixtures, with Carlow hosting Kilkenny in Division 4 on February 3.The LGFA would like to thank the GAA boards in the various counties for their cooperation in ensuring that this increased number of double-headers in 2019 has become a reality.The LGFA would also like to thank Cork Senior Ladies Football team manager Ephie Fitzgerald for agreeing to release the dual players on his panel on March 24, should Cork qualify for the National League Division 1 Camogie Final, which is fixed for the same day. print WhatsApp Facebook Twitter Email THE Ladies Gaelic Football Association is pleased to confirm the full list of 13 confirmed ‘double-header’ fixtures during the 2019 Lidl National League campaign.center_img The Lidl National Football League Fixtures will provide curtain raisers to men’s Allianz Football League games involving the host counties.last_img read more

Mancini tells City to prepare for United battle

first_img0Shares0000MANCHESTER, United Kingdom December 19 – Roberto Mancini has warned his Manchester City players they face a fight right until the end of the season from neighbours Manchester United for the Premier League title.United briefly replaced big-spending City at the top of the table after a 2-0 win over Queens Park Rangers on Sunday before Mancini’s side returned to the summit following their 1-0 defeat of Arsenal later in the day. David Silva’s winner — City’s 50th Premier League goal of the season — restored his side’s two-point advantage at the top and left Arsenal manager Arsene Wenger declaring his team’s title chances had all but vanished.But ahead of a busy festive programme, Mancini has told his men to prepare for a battle to the end of the season with reigning English champions United.“We can’t think that we can win the title without a fight from United,” said Mancini. “It’s impossible.“We want to stay top for a long time — not only for Christmas,” City’s Italian manager added.City, who entertain Stoke on Wednesday, produced the perfect response against Arsenal after their unbeaten league start was ended by Chelsea last Monday.Pablo Zabaleta hit the woodwork but Silva’s fifth league goal ensured it was business as usual at Eastlands.“We are delighted because after losing to Chelsea it was really important to beat Arsenal,” said Mancini.“We deserved to win the game. We didn’t deserve to lose to Chelsea but that is football.”Reflecting on the win over the Gunners, Mancini said: “It was a great game, not for the managers, but for the supporters. We had a fantastic performance as Arsenal are playing very well at the moment.“When you play against Arsenal they have players like Gervinho, (Theo) Walcott and (Robin) van Persie who can score at any moment.“For our character this was a big test and we showed we are a strong team.”Arsenal were frustrated by a brilliant display from City goalkeeper Joe Hart. The England international produced a string of excellent saves to frustrate van Persie, Thomas Vermaelen and Walcott.Defeat left Arsenal 12 points adrift of City and Wenger conceded it would be tough for the Gunners to win the title from such a long way behind.“It will be difficult to close the gap on City now, but we will try,” said Wenger, who lost defender Johan Djourou to a groin injury which could sideline the player for three weeks.“This was a game we couldn’t afford to lose. It’s difficult to take but we will continue to fight.“Losing Johan didn’t help. We are short on the flanks and every injury at the back is detrimental to our performance,” the Frenchman added.“(Laurent) Koscielny, Djourou and Vermaelen did remarkably well but they are centre-backs.“But it is a good basis to build from. Both teams played played positively and that’s why the game was interesting. It was also intense physically.”0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)last_img read more

‘Liverpool fans moaned to me about Klopp’, reveals Exeter player

first_imgExeter City striker Clinton Morrison has revealed Liverpool fans told him about their fury at Jurgen Klopp’s team selection at half-time on Friday night.The two teams drew 2-2 in the FA Cup third round as the German manager fielded an inexperienced team at St James’ Park, with the minnows leading for much of the second half.And former Premier League striker Morrison warned Klopp Reds supporters will not accept a similar selection or performance in the replay on Merseyside.He told the Sports Bar: “I don’t think, when we play them at Anfield, he will change the team as much. I think you will see five or six first-teamers back. Jurgen Klopp knows the Liverpool fans won’t accept [a similar performance at home].“When I was warming up at half-time one of the Liverpool fans shouted out, ‘Oi, Clinton. Tell that Klopp to sort it out. We didn’t come all this way to see this.’“I know for a fact there were some disgruntled people there who were disappointed in the team he picked.”But Morrison admitted, while the Grecians were buoyed when they saw Liverpool’s line up, that some of the Reds youngsters proved they have what it takes to become stars.He added: “We thought they were there for the taking but they still had a lot of quality. The left-back Brad Smith is a terrific talent. He’s one for the future, and the right-back [Randall] too. I thought they were both very good.“I still think they had enough quality on the pitch to cause us problems but I just thought we were the better team and we’re slightly disappointed we’re not through.”last_img read more

`Safe’ at home, FBI says

first_imgBut Ernst warned any business could be targeted. “You may not think your business has anything to do with animal or environmental issues, but if you do business with a company, you will be defined as a threat,” he said. The goal of animal and environmental terrorists is to get media attention, inflict economic damage and stop the abuse. One of the largest incidents of domestic terrorism, he said, was the 2003 SUV arson attacks at several West Covina automobile dealerships. “A suspect was arrested and jailed, but there are accomplices still out there,” Ernst said. SANTA FE SPRINGS – Special agents from the San Gabriel Valley Joint Terrorism Task Force told business owners and employees Tuesday their city has not been targeted by international or domestic terrorists. FBI agents Shane Vinall and Jason Ernst spoke before 50 business people as part of the the Santa Fe Springs Chamber of Commerce’s “Security and Safety Briefing” at City Hall. “Whittier and Santa Fe Springs are relatively safe,” said Ernst, who spoke on domestic terrorism. He said businesses such as restaurants, meat-packing facilities, animal research labs, car dealerships and even banks are likely to be marks of animal and environmental terrorists. Both agents told the audience to invest in quality security surveillance equipment, including a recording hard drive to store data. “If you don’t make a good investment, there is nothing we can do if there is not adequate evidence,” Vinall said. Despite the warnings, he did not want to present a “doom and gloom” scenario. “We are in a relatively safe time,” Vinall said. sandra.molina@sgvn.com (562) 698-0955, Ext. 3028160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!last_img read more

Comparing Premier League club’s points difference between this and last season

first_imgLeicester City were top of the Premier League at this time last season as they wowed audiences on the way to winning the title.But after 25 games this time around, the Foxes are only one point above the relegation places.Incredibly, Claudio Ranieri’s side have picked up 32 fewer points this term than at the same stage last year, and it is obvious they are in a relegation battle.But, how do all the other Premier League clubs compare when looking at their records after 25 games last season and this?talkSPORT have dug through all the data, and present to you the points difference between this season and last after 25 games for the 17 clubs who have been in the Premier League since the start of the last campaign.You can find out all the results by clicking the right arrow, above… 17 Sunderland – Points difference of -1 – 2015/16 record: P25 W5 D5 L15 Pts20
2016/17 record: P25 W5 D4 L16 Pts19 Chelsea – Points difference of +30 – 2015/16 record: P25 W7 D9 L9 Pts30
2016/17 record: P25 W19 D3 L3 Pts60 Swansea City – Points difference of -3 – 2015/16 record: P25 W6 D9 L10 Pts27
2016/17 record: P25 W7 D3 L15 Pts24 17 Watford – Points difference of -3 – 2015/16 record: P25 W9 D6 L10 Pts33
2016/17 record: P25 W8 D6 L11 Pts30 17 17 17 Everton – Points difference of +6 – 2015/16 record: P25 W8 D11 L6 Pts35
2016/17 record: P25 W11 D8 L6 Pts41 17 Leicester City – Points difference of -32 – 2015/16 record: P25 W15 D8 L2 Pts53
2016/17 record: P25 W5 D6 L14 Pts21 17 Stoke City – Points difference of -1 – 2015/16 record: P25 W9 D6 L10 Pts33
2016/17 record: P25 W8 D8 L9 Pts32 West Bromwich Albion – Points difference of +8 – 2015/16 record: P25 W7 D8 L10 Pts29
2016/17 record: P25 W10 D7 L8 Pts37 17 17 Liverpool – Points difference of +14 – 2015/16 record: P25 W9 D8 L8 Pts35
2016/17 record: P25 W14 D7 L4 Pts49 Bournemouth – Points difference of -2 – 2015/16 record: P25 W7 D7 L11 Pts28
2016/17 record: P25 W7 D5 L13 Pts26 17 Southampton – Points difference of -7 – 2015/16 record: P25 W10 D7 L8 Pts37
2016/17 record: P25 W8 D6 L11 Pts30 Manchester United – Points difference of +7 – 2015/16 record: P25 W11 D8 L6 Pts41
2016/17 record: P25 W13 D9 L3 Pts48 Crystal Palace – Points difference of -13 – 2015/16 record: P25 W9 D5 L11 Pts32
2016/17 record: P25 W5 D4 L16 Pts19 17 17 17 17 Tottenham Hotspur – Points difference of +2 – 2015/16 record: P25 W13 D9 L3 Pts48
2016/17 record: P25 W14 D8 L3 Pts50 Manchester City – Points difference of +5 – 2015/16 record: P25 W14 D5 L6 Pts47
2016/17 record: P25 W16 D4 L5 Pts52 Arsenal – Points difference of +2 – 2015/16 record: P25 W14 D6 L5 Pts48
2016/17 record: P25 W15 D5 L5 Pts50 17 West Ham United – Points difference of -7 – 2015/16 record: P25 W10 D9 L6 Pts39
2016/17 record: P25 W9 D5 L11 Pts32 17 17last_img read more

Premier League clubs ranked by how high their expectations for the season are

first_img 20 20 20. Brighton – No fan will think it will be easy staying up and unlike Huddersfield, Brighton are yet to splurge. The fact Anthony Knockaert has missed pre-season won’t ease fears – one game at a time? 16. Burnley – As usual, remaining in the Premier League is a bonus considering the moderate budget, but how much will they miss Michael Keane? 18. Watford – Nathaniel Chalobah and Will Hughes look like shrewd signings and Marco Silva’s time at Hull did enough to inspire some hope things will be better after a pretty poor campaign last year. 6. Liverpool – The days when Liverpool expected a title challenge are a distant memory, but a top four finish last season got the Reds moving in the right direction. Kopites will hope to see the progression continue, though squad investment has been relatively frugal. 20 3. Everton – When did Everton spend this much in a transfer window? Quality has been added and fans will be expecting big things. Maybe not top four, but considerably progress. 20 9. Leicester – Things got better for Leicester around February and a top half finish is a very reasonable hope. Demarai Gray could shine even if Riyad Mahrez leaves. 17. Swansea City – The Swans would have finished eighth in the table had the season begun when Paul Clement took over at the start of 2017, so there should be reason to be optimistic. But the transfer business so far has been frugal, while the fear remains that key man Gylfi Sigurdsson could yet be tempted away and that would be bad news. 12. West Bromwich Albion – An established Premier League club, the Baggies will expect a comfortable mid-table position and anything better – or a cup run – will be a bonus. 20 20 20 20 2. Man United – Under Jose Mourinho, the club won two trophies in his first season and with a brand new striker, midfielder and defender, the logical next step is the title. 20 Remember, the Premier League begins on Friday 11 August and talkSPORT are at Vicarage Road for Watford v Liverpool at 12:45pm (BST).Pre-season is a time for fans to dream, to bathe in the optimism and hope that a new campaign promises.Every team has to deal with expectation, but it is all relative.Taking into account recent history, summer transfer spending (at time of writing) and the level of expectation usually associated with the clubs in question, we’ve ranked the Premier League’s 20 sides by expectation in the coming season. 20 5. Chelsea – They are the Premier League champions so a good defence will be expected, as will a decent showing in the Champions League. But the title is extremely tough to defend. 8. West Ham – Hope has been restored at Upton Park now they have bought experienced Premier League players, including Javier Hernandez. Let’s face it, anything is better than last season. 10. Bournemouth – Reinforcements at the back have been brought in with Begovic and Ake. Another top half finish will be expected. 13. Newcastle United – The Magpies aspire to be a top 10 club, minimum, and in Rafael Benitez they possess a world class coach. But they have only just gained promotion, and expectations may have to be tempered. 20 4. Arsenal – They’ve spent £52m on a new striker, while the manager says Alexis Sanchez and Mesut Ozil are staying. The fans will believe a better fight in the title race is only fair – still expect some whingers. 15. Stoke – The feeling persists that Stoke’s squad is in need of an overhaul that hasn’t taken place yet. Three successive top 10 finishes gave way to a 13th place last season. 11. Southampton – Saints have consistently punched above their weight, considering the turnover in players and managers the club has experienced since returning to the Premier League in 2012. The pressure is on Mauricio Pellegrino to maintain a top 10 place. 7. Tottenham – Tottenham fans will be cautious in their optimism considering the club are yet to sign anyone and they will be playing their home games at Wembley. 20 20 20 20 19. Huddersfield – Signings have been made, but expectations will still be low. Like Brighton, a 17th place finish will be welcomed. 20 20 14. Crystal Palace – Palace are set for a fifth consecutive season in the Premier League – the longest unbroken run in the top flight in their history. The departure of Sam Allardyce was a blow, and only time will tell if Frank de Boer is a suitable replacement. 20 20 20 1. Man City – They’ve spent a lot of money on players and have one hell of an attack. Fans will be expecting the title and maybe even a Champions League final appearance. Guardiola’s reputation is on the line.last_img read more

Amazing €55,000 raised for sick children at Donegal Crumlin Golf Classic

first_imgA staggering total of €55,200 has been raised at this year’s Donegal Crumlin Golf Classic, supported by Oakfield Park.The annual event grows from strength to strength each year. The 2019 Classic took place on Friday May 31st at Donegal Golf Club.Proceeds from the popular competition will be donated to the Crumlin Medical Research Foundation. Ireland is one of the top three countries in the world for research progress in immunology, which impacts everything from cancer treatment to treatments for diabetes and viral infections. Fundraising events all over Ireland like the Donegal Golf Classic have enabled €50 million to be invested into paediatric research since 2007.Chairperson of the organising committee Darragh McGowan, wishes to thank the local business community for their continued support of this annual golf event and especially to Sir Gerry and Lady Heather Robinson of Oakfield Park, the main supporters of the event.Sir Gerry & Lady Heather Robinson, Denise Fitzgerald (CEO of CMRF), Darragh McGowan (Chair of Organizing committee) and Alan Higgins (Golf coordinator at CMRF).  Amazing €55,000 raised for sick children at Donegal Crumlin Golf Classic was last modified: October 21st, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Crumlin Medical Research FoundationDonegal Crumlin Golf ClassicOakfield Parklast_img read more

Big Data: Concurrent CEO Suggests a Pragmatic View for Data Projects in 2015

first_imgNakamura’s predictions made a year ago today for Big Data in 2014 were as follows:Expect to see more funding of Big Data companies and potentially a significant IPOMore Hadoop projects will fail than will succeedBig Data Projects will be an increasingly important part of business processes, leading to a need for Big Data project managersBig Data will become more about the apps that use big data than the data itselfBig Data will be everywhere, but will continue to be convoluted and confusing.This year, Nakamura again has predictions.  Going into 2015, Nakamura expects to see the following trends in the new year.Given the number of Big Data failures in 2015, companies will be more pragmatic in matching Big Data to the right problemsThe use of MapReduce, because people have become familiar with it, will continue to outnumber other Big Data options, even newer ones like Apache Spark and TezIncreasingly, Java Enterprise developers will see their skillset in high demand to work on data projectsHadoop adopters will be looking closely in 2015 to measure their success and return on investment of their projects“Elephants will fly” — Hadoop will make a push to become a worldwide phenomenon Gary Nakamura, CEO ConcurrentWhere will the Big Data industry be going in 2015? Gary Nakamura, CEO of Concurrent, has published his list of predictions about the direction that Big Data will take. This is the second year in a row that Nakamura has offered up predictions.Nakamura said that “this year every company is in the business of data, and this will drive the demand for cost effective and scalable Big Data platforms higher than ever before. As the market continues to catch up to the hype, 2015 will be the year that Hadoop becomes a worldwide phenomenon. As part of this, expect to see more Hadoop-related acquisitions, IPOs and the rise of new jobs.”last_img read more

California ~ Sales and Use Tax: Online Travel Companies Are Not Hotel Operators and Are Not Liable for Tax

first_imgCCH Tax Day ReportOnline travel companies (OTCs) are not operators of hotels within the meaning of the San Diego ordinance that imposes a California local transient occupancy tax and, as such, the OTCs are not liable for the tax. Under the San Diego ordinance, in a merchant model type of transaction, a hotel operator is liable for tax on the wholesale cost plus any additional amount for room rental the operator requires the OTC to charge the visitor under rate parity provisions of contracts between hotels and OTCs.Merchant ModelUnder the merchant model, OTCs contract with hotels to advertise and rent rooms to the general public, and they handle all financial transactions related to the hotel reservations, but they do not own, operate, or manage hotels. The price the hotel charges the OTC for the room is the wholesale price and rate parity provisions in most contracts between OTCs and hotels bar the OTC from selling a room for a rent lower than what the hotel quotes its customers directly. The OTC offers rooms to the public at retail prices and charges customers a “tax recovery charge,” which represents the OTC’s estimate of what the hotel will owe in transient occupancy tax based on the wholesale price of the room as charged by the hotel to the OTC. The hotel bills the OTC for the wholesale price of the room plus the transient occupancy tax the hotel will have to pay based on the room’s wholesale price, and the OTC remits the charged amount to the hotel, which in turn remits the tax to San Diego, and the OTC retains its markup and service fees.San Diego Transient Occupancy Tax OrdinanceThe San Diego ordinance provides that, for the privilege of occupancy in any hotel located in San Diego, each transient must pay a tax in the amount of 6% of the rent charged by the operator. “Operator” is defined as the person who is the proprietor of the hotel, whether in the capacity of owner, lessee, sublessee, mortgagee in possession, licensee, or any other capacity. The term includes a managing agent, resident manager, or resident agent, of any type or character, other than an employee without management responsibility.Tax is Imposed on Amount Charged by OperatorThe California Supreme Court held that the ordinance imposes the tax on the amount charged by the operator; it does not refer to amounts received or collected by the operator. To the extent a hotel determines the markup, such as by contractual rate parity provisions requiring the OTC to quote and charge the customer a rate not less than what the hotel is quoting on its own website, it effectively charges that amount, regardless of whether it ultimately receives or collects any portion of the markup, and that amount is therefore subject to the tax.That the OTCs act as hotel agents or intermediaries for the limited purpose of charging and collecting rent does not subject the OTCs to assessment as an operator or make any undifferentiated portion of the charge representing the amount unilaterally set by the OTCs rent charged by the operator. Under the contracts between the hotels and the OTCs, the OTCs agreed to be responsible for any taxes assessed by any governmental authority on the markup, to collect and remit room tax, and to assume liability to San Diego for nonpayment or underpayment of the tax. However, these provisions allocate responsibility as between the hotels and the OTCs for properly assessed room taxes but they do not create liability for the tax; only the ordinance can do that, and the ordinance imposes assessment of the transient occupancy tax on hotel operators.In re Transient Occupancy Tax Cases, California Supreme Court, No. S218400, December 12, 2016, ¶406-598last_img read more

E.U. urged to free all scientific papers by 2020

first_imgOne of the perks of holding the rotating presidency of the European Union is that it gives a member state a 6-month megaphone to promote its favorite policy ideas. For the Netherlands, which took over the presidency on 1 January, one surprising priority is open access (OA) to the scientific literature. Last week, the Dutch government held a 2-day meeting here in which European policymakers, research funders, librarians, and publishers discussed how to advance OA. The meeting produced an Amsterdam Call to Action that included the ambition to make all new papers published in the European Union freely available by 2020.Given the slow pace with which OA has gained ground the past 10 years, few believe that’s actually possible, but the document is rallying support. Carlos Moedas, the European commissioner for research, science, and innovation, favors an ambitious approach; OA will also be a key discussion point at a meeting of Europe’s ministers of research, innovation, industry, and trade in Brussels in late May. “This is an orchestrated push on the European level that we have not seen before,” says Ralf Schimmer of the Max Planck Digital Library in Munich, Germany.Whether all 28 E.U. states are ready to act remains to be seen, and even some OA advocates are critical of the approach that the Netherlands has adopted for its own scientists: an emphatic choice for Gold OA, in which authors pay publishers to make their papers freely available. Many instead prefer Green OA, in which authors post a copy of each published paper in a public repository.Sign up for our daily newsletterGet more great content like this delivered right to you!Country *AfghanistanAland IslandsAlbaniaAlgeriaAndorraAngolaAnguillaAntarcticaAntigua and BarbudaArgentinaArmeniaArubaAustraliaAustriaAzerbaijanBahamasBahrainBangladeshBarbadosBelarusBelgiumBelizeBeninBermudaBhutanBolivia, Plurinational State ofBonaire, Sint Eustatius and SabaBosnia and HerzegovinaBotswanaBouvet IslandBrazilBritish Indian Ocean TerritoryBrunei DarussalamBulgariaBurkina FasoBurundiCambodiaCameroonCanadaCape VerdeCayman IslandsCentral African RepublicChadChileChinaChristmas IslandCocos (Keeling) IslandsColombiaComorosCongoCongo, The Democratic Republic of theCook IslandsCosta RicaCote D’IvoireCroatiaCubaCuraçaoCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDjiboutiDominicaDominican RepublicEcuadorEgyptEl SalvadorEquatorial GuineaEritreaEstoniaEthiopiaFalkland Islands (Malvinas)Faroe IslandsFijiFinlandFranceFrench GuianaFrench PolynesiaFrench Southern TerritoriesGabonGambiaGeorgiaGermanyGhanaGibraltarGreeceGreenlandGrenadaGuadeloupeGuatemalaGuernseyGuineaGuinea-BissauGuyanaHaitiHeard Island and Mcdonald IslandsHoly See (Vatican City State)HondurasHong KongHungaryIcelandIndiaIndonesiaIran, Islamic Republic ofIraqIrelandIsle of ManIsraelItalyJamaicaJapanJerseyJordanKazakhstanKenyaKiribatiKorea, Democratic People’s Republic ofKorea, Republic ofKuwaitKyrgyzstanLao People’s Democratic RepublicLatviaLebanonLesothoLiberiaLibyan Arab JamahiriyaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacaoMacedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic ofMadagascarMalawiMalaysiaMaldivesMaliMaltaMartiniqueMauritaniaMauritiusMayotteMexicoMoldova, Republic ofMonacoMongoliaMontenegroMontserratMoroccoMozambiqueMyanmarNamibiaNauruNepalNetherlandsNew CaledoniaNew ZealandNicaraguaNigerNigeriaNiueNorfolk IslandNorwayOmanPakistanPalestinianPanamaPapua New GuineaParaguayPeruPhilippinesPitcairnPolandPortugalQatarReunionRomaniaRussian FederationRWANDASaint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da CunhaSaint Kitts and NevisSaint LuciaSaint Martin (French part)Saint Pierre and MiquelonSaint Vincent and the GrenadinesSamoaSan MarinoSao Tome and PrincipeSaudi ArabiaSenegalSerbiaSeychellesSierra LeoneSingaporeSint Maarten (Dutch part)SlovakiaSloveniaSolomon IslandsSomaliaSouth AfricaSouth Georgia and the South Sandwich IslandsSouth SudanSpainSri LankaSudanSurinameSvalbard and Jan MayenSwazilandSwedenSwitzerlandSyrian Arab RepublicTaiwanTajikistanTanzania, United Republic ofThailandTimor-LesteTogoTokelauTongaTrinidad and TobagoTunisiaTurkeyTurkmenistanTurks and Caicos IslandsTuvaluUgandaUkraineUnited Arab EmiratesUnited KingdomUnited StatesUruguayUzbekistanVanuatuVenezuela, Bolivarian Republic ofVietnamVirgin Islands, BritishWallis and FutunaWestern SaharaYemenZambiaZimbabweI also wish to receive emails from AAAS/Science and Science advertisers, including information on products, services and special offers which may include but are not limited to news, careers information & upcoming events.Required fields are included by an asterisk(*)Less than a quarter of newly published papers are immediately available through OA; the rest remain behind a pay wall, some permanently. Many scientists don’t care whether their papers are OA, preferring to publish in journals they know or ones with the highest impact factors, and many funding agencies aren’t forcing them to change.Keen to step up the pace, Sander Dekker, the Dutch state secretary for education, culture, and science, announced in 2013 that the government aimed to make the entire Dutch research output available through OA by 2024. The main Dutch funding agency, the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) in The Hague, joined the movement; it has made OA publishing compulsory for papers resulting from all research projects it funded after 1 January—with a preference for Gold OA.Meanwhile, the Association of Universities in the Netherlands has pushed for OA in its periodic collective bargaining rounds with big publishers over journal subscriptions. Springer, Wiley, and Sage have all agreed to make research papers on which the corresponding author is from the Netherlands available OA, even if it appears in a non-OA journal; Elsevier has agreed to do the same for 30% of such papers by 2018. The universities and NWO hope that these Big Deals, as they are known, will eventually help foment a Big Flip, in which Gold OA journals supplant subscription journals.Stevan Harnad, a veteran OA advocate at the University of Québec, Montreal, in Canada, does not think the European Union should embrace that strategy—he calls it “fool’s Gold”—because publishers are unlikely to view a flip toward Gold OA as being in their interest. Requiring authors to archive free versions of their papers is a better way to accelerate the pace, he says. But Dekker says Gold OA acknowledges that publishers provide a valuable service—and a problem with Green OA is that many publishers allow authors to self-archive a new paper only after a months-long embargo. “It’s like with justice,” Dekker says: “Access delayed is 
access denied.”The Netherlands is attempting a solution to the embargo problem: urging scientists to deposit the “pre-peer review,” or submitted, version of a manuscript as soon as the paper appears. “That’s a huge mistake,” Harnad contends, because that version doesn’t include changes, sometimes substantial, made at the journal’s behest. NWO Chairman Jos Engelen says the posted version will make that clear; although “less than ideal,” the solution is “better than nothing,” he says.Harnad offers another solution. Repositories could post the article immediately behind a wall that opens once the embargo ends; until that time, anyone who wants a copy can press a button to request the paper from the author, who can honor the request with a single click. Many U.K. repositories already have “button-mediated OA,” says Harnad, who adds that it’s much the same as asking an author for a paper by email.To the European Commission, Green and Gold both are acceptable, says Robert-Jan Smits, director-general for research and innovation. He hopes the European Union’s ministers will adopt the 2020 target when they meet next month, along with other measures to promote data sharing. The meeting “will be like a D-Day” for OA, Smits says. “It will become clear which ministers are 
really committed.”last_img read more